WEEK 4, Wed. Aug. 19 through Tues., Aug. 25
Wed., Aug. 19: Florida Says Yes, Fifty Years Late
Ten states, including Florida, refused to ratify the 19th Amendment, but it became law nonetheless, a century ago. Florida legislators passed a law granting suffrage to all residents but refused to ratify the amendment until May 13, 1969, when they did so as a ceremonial gesture for the golden anniversary of the League of Women Voters. Pictured: League members and their “Voteswagen,” ca. 1969, Florida State Archives. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Thurs., Aug. 20: Want Votes, Will Travel!
Boston suffragist Matilda Alexandra Fraser, who later retired in Orlando, traveled to the 1913 suffrage parade in Washington, D.C., driving in an open car decorated with banners. The group stopped along the way to give speeches for women’s suffrage. Pictured: Campaigning by car, from "The Vote,” PBS documentary. Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections.
#Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Friday, Aug. 21: #Votes4All!
All Orange County polling places are accessible to people with disabilities. If needed, you can bring someone with you to help you vote, or ask poll workers to help you, or of course you could choose to vote by mail. For more information, visit ocfelections.com/voters-special-needs. #Votes4All
Saturday, Aug. 22: Here’s to the USPS!
The U.S. Postal Service commemorates the Centennial of the 19th Amendment with a “Women Vote” stamp, released Aug. 22. Inspired by historic photographs, the stamp features a stylized illustration of suffragists marching and uses the official colors of the National Woman’s Party — purple, white, and gold. Art director Ethel Kessler designed the stamp with original art by Nancy Stahl. Visit your Post Office or order online at USPS.com. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Sunday, Aug. 23: Unstoppable: Ida B. Wells
Journalist Ida B. Wells-Barnett (after her 1895 marriage) helped found the National Association of Colored Women and worked relentlessly against lynching. She faced a mob that burned her printing press; she also started a boycott of the 1893 World’s Fair and sued a railroad for throwing her off a first-class train. After organizers of the 1913 suffrage parade placed Black women at the back of the procession, she entered the parade after it started and marched with the Illinois group she had helped organize. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Monday, Aug. 24: Home of Orlando Suffragists
Early members of Orlando’s First Unitarian Church, founded in 1912, were deeply involved with women’s-suffrage-advocacy groups in the city. Pictured: Unitarians Mary Dipboye (left) and Joan Erwin salute the suffragists with a banner at the Robinson Street church honoring the 19th Amendment and the Rev. Mary Safford, president of the Florida Equal Suffrage Association. Safford retired to Orlando after serving as minister to Unitarian congregations in Sioux City and Des Moines, Iowa. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Tuesday, Aug. 25: Time to Shine in Purple and Gold
Lights at Orlando’s Dr. Phillips Center for the Performing Arts, City Hall Plaza, and the Lake Eola Fountain are slated to shine with the colors of purple and gold on Aug. 26 — the day a century ago the 19th Amendment became official after being ratified on August 18. The illuminations are part of the “Forward into Light” campaign of the national Women’s Suffrage Centennial Commission. Pictured: The National Archives, Washington, D.C. (See womensvote100.org/forwardintolight) #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
WEEK 5, Wed., Aug. 26, through Tues., Sept. 1
Wed., Aug. 26: Forward into Light!
Lawyer and activist Inez Milholland led the 1913 suffrage parade in Washington, riding a horse named Grey Dawn. One of the suffrage movement’s most effective speakers, she traveled and spoke exhaustively, although she was seriously ill. She collapsed in 1916 during a speech and died at age 30 — a martyr to the cause. Her last public words were, “Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?" In her first suffrage parade in 1911, she held a sign that read, “Forward, out of error / Leave behind the night / Forward through the darkness / Forward into light!”
Thursday, Aug. 27: Salute from an Orlando Icon
On the evenings of August 25 and 26, 2020, the Lake Eola Fountain shone in the colors of purple and gold to honor the centennial of the date the 19th amendment officially became part of the U.S. Constitution in 1920, giving women the right to vote. The illuminated fountain — dedicated in 1957 in honor of the city’s own centennial — has become a symbol of Orlando. Pictured: Orange County League members watch the fountain display its salute, as a TV newsperson records the moment. (Photo: Bill Dickinson)
Friday, Aug. 28: Champion for Black Voters
Mary McLeod Bethune set out to make sure Black women shared in women’s newly won right to vote. Her efforts led to more new Black voters registered in Daytona Beach in 1920 than all the new white voters in the city. Because Black residents who could not read could not pass the vote-suppressing literacy test, she taught night classes in reading. To pay their poll taxes, she rode a bicycle door to door collecting money. Photo: Florida State Archives
Saturday, Aug. 29: The Clock’s Ticking on Registration
In Orange County, you can register to vote and update your registration at any time. But to vote in an upcoming election if you have not already registered, you must do so at least 29 days before the election. For the General Election on November 3, the deadline for new registrations is Monday, October 5. This deadline applies to changes in political party affiliation as well. It’s easy to register online: Visit ocfelections.com/register-vote-or-update-registration.
Sunday, Aug. 30: “The Lady With the Alligator Purse”
Children still jump rope to a venerable rhyme that includes the refrain“Call for the doctor! Call for the nurse! Call for the lady with the alligator purse!” The National Susan B. Anthony House and Museum in Rochester, N.Y., posits that the lady was suffragist Susan B. herself. She carried an alligator bag on her many lecture trips, and it became a trademark. The press recorded the rhyme when Anthony was in California, according tosusanb.org. Pictured: Jumping rope, 1936, H. Armstrong Roberts photo, Library of Congress.
Monday, Aug. 31: Film Spotlights “New Women” at FSCW
Explore women's struggle for equal education and academic freedom in the 1920s through the Emmy-winning documentary “Filthy Dreamers,” made by University of Central Florida students and faculty. The film tells the story of how Florida lawmakers and religious activists sought to ban the study of evolution at Florida State College for Women, which later became Florida State University. Watch online at: https://www.pbs.org/video/filthy-dreamers-vshf7s/
Tues., Sept. 1: Queen of Baseball
Mary Elizabeth “Lizzie” Murphy played baseball on men’s teams as a teenager. In the 1920s Lizzie played with a professional traveling team, drawing crowds throughout the U.S. and Canada. In a charity game in 1922, she played first base against the Boston Red Sox in Fenway Park. Playing in the Negro Leagues, she hit a single off a pitch by the legendary Satchel Paige. In 1920 she said, “Baseball is the cleanest sport that we have and for women to enter into it is eminently fitting.”
WEEK 6: Wed., Sept. 2, though Wed., Sept. 9
Wed., Sept. 2: Don’t Forget to Sign!
If you decide to vote by mail, make sure you sign the back of the sealed envelope and note the date where indicated, whether you mail your ballot or drop it off at an approved location. The most frequent reason vote-by-mail ballots are rejected is because voters forget to sign the envelope. For Orange County voters, you’ll find a link to a vote-by-mail request form at lwvoc.org. Photo: Florida Center for Instructional Technology, Tampa (ballot from 2012).
Thursday, Sept. 3: Labor Leader: Velma Hopkins
As Labor Day approaches, we salute Velma Hopkins, who in 1943 led 10,000 tobacco workers in a month-long strike for better working conditions, higher pay, and equal rights. In the 1940s, tobacco provided jobs in North Carolina, but Black workers were restricted to low-paying jobs, and women earned even less than men. The striking workers formed a union and negotiated some of their demands before the union was decertified for alleged communist ties. Hopkins continued her work, inspiring a generation of activists, including Earline Parmon, the first Black state senator from Forsyth County. Photo: Winston-Salem Journal
Friday, Sept. 4: A Strike for Women: Clara Lemlich
At age 17, Ukrainian-born Clara Lemlich worked 11 hours a day, six days a week, for $3 a week in a New York City shirtwaist factory. She joined the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union, organized strikes, and led picket lines. In 1909 she helped incite the “Uprising of the 20,000,” a two-month strike that won better conditions and wages. When 146 women died in the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, Lemlich cited lack of union standards in the factory. She also petitioned for women’s suffrage. Photo: ILR School, Cornell University.
Saturday, Sept. 5: First in the Cabinet: Frances Perkins
Frances Perkins, the first woman appointed to a U.S. cabinet position, served as Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945. She was a school teacher before she joined the social-settlement movement in Chicago in 1904. She held a number of state positions in New York and worked with social-reform organizations. As a suffragist and a witness at the tragic 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, Perkins fought to reform labor conditions for women and children, and as part of FDR’s cabinet, she established the Social Security and Fair Labor Standards Acts and other New Deal programs. Photo: Cornell Chronicle.
Sunday, Sept. 6: Still Working: Dolores Huerta
Born April 10, 1930, Dolores Clara Fernández Huerta started as a school teacher and became an activist for labor rights, women’s rights, and racial equality for Latinos. In 1962 she cofounded the National Farm Workers Association with César Chávez. She helped organize the successful national table-grape boycotts in the 1960s and fought for better working conditions and wages and the elimination of harmful pesticides. Photos: Portrait by Barbara Carrasco (left), Smithsonian Institution; Dolores Huerta Foundation (right).
Monday, Sept. 7 LABOR DAY: Mother Jones: “Pray for the Dead . . .”
Irish immigrant Mary Harris Jones became a labor activist after the deaths of her husband and four children in a yellow fever epidemic in 1867. She acquired the name “Mother Jones” during the American Railway Union strike in 1897. She marshaled support for striking coal miners and helped organize the Industrial Workers of the World. She also led “The March of the Mill Children” from Philadelphia to Long Island in 1903 to confront President Theodore Roosevelt with the horrors of child labor. A fearless organizer, she famously proclaimed, “Pray for the dead and fight like hell for the living.” Photo: Library of Congress
Tuesday, Sept. 8: Pioneer of Flight: Bessie Coleman
Bessie Coleman, daughter of an African American maid and a Native American sharecropper, became the first woman and the first Black American to obtain an international pilot’s license. She had to learn to fly in France because, in 1921, no U.S. flight school would accept her. Coleman toured the country giving inspirational talks for children and daredevil air shows, only to die in a crash in Jacksonville in 1926. Thousands of mourners attended services in Jacksonville and Orlando, followed by a funeral service in Chicago performed by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. Photo: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum,
Wed., Sept. 9: First from Florida: Ruth Bryan Owen
Ruth Bryan Owen wanted to emulate her mother: “a thoroughly feminine woman with the mind of a thoroughly masculine man.” The first Florida woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (1929-1933), she became the first female member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. She served as U.S. ambassador to Denmark and Iceland (1933-1936), the first American woman in the diplomatic corps. In Florida, she wrote, produced, and directed a feature film in 1922, taught at the University of Miami (1925-1928), and directed relief work after the 1927 hurricane in Miami, while making her first run for Congress in 1926. Pictured: Bryan (center) poses between friends who stand on the car’s running board. Florida State Archives.
100 Days Series WEEK 3, Aug. 12 to Aug. 18 (8-10-20), Facebook
Wed., Aug 12: Drop Off Your Vote in Person
Drive-in theaters are in style again, and so is drive-in voting. It’s easy — simply complete your vote-by-mail ballot and, instead of mailing it, drop it off in person. Before the elections on Aug. 18 and Nov. 3, 2020, Orange County voters can deposit their mail-in ballots at staffed drop-off boxes at the Supervisor of Elections headquarters, 119 W. Kaley St., Orlando, or any early voting site. More info: ocfelections.com/vote-by-mail. Photo: sfdshop.com, Brooklyn, N.Y. #Votes4All
Thurs., Aug 13: Marie Louise Bottineau Baldwin
Marie Louise Bottineau Baldwin (1863-1952), of the Turtle Mountain Chippewa tribe, was the first Native American to graduate from the Washington College of Law, in 1913. That same year, she marched with other women lawyers in the Women’s Suffrage Parade in Washington, D.C. In 1904, she became the first Native American to work in the Office of Indian Affairs. In a statement of her Indian identity, she wore her tribal dress and braids for her employee photo in 1911 (pictured, left) — a radical act in the OIA at the time. Painting by Sally Wern Comport, Brandywine.org. Photo: National Archives. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Friday, Aug. 14: Orlando Men Support Suffrage, Too
Orlandoans organized Florida’s first Men’s Equal Suffrage League in 1914, with Mayor Frank Sperry as its president. Florida suffragist champion Mary Augusta Safford helped enlist more than 25 prominent Orlando men to join the group and support what had grown into a state-wide issue. The men declared themselves ready to help the women clean the dirty house of politics. Also in 1914, Frank Sperry gave the fountain that bears his name to Orlando’s Lake Eola Park, along with land around the fountain. Photo: Orlando.gov. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Twitter: Orlandoans organized Florida’s first Men’s Equal Suffrage League in 1914, with Mayor Frank Sperry as president. The men declared themselves ready to help the women clean the dirty house of politics. Also in 1914, Sperry gave the fountain that bears his name to Orlando’s Lake Eola Park. Photo: Orlando.gov. #Votes4All
Saturday, Aug. 15: Orlando’s Mary Augusta Safford
“Florida women love their state,” Mary Augusta Safford wrote in the Orlando Evening Star in 1915. A nationally known Unitarian minister, she had retired to Orlando and in 1913 became president of the state’s Equal Suffrage Association, as she had been in Iowa. Women citizens appreciated Florida’s wonderful possibilities, she wrote in 1915, “and want to have its opportunities improved. They know that this cannot be done without their help. They believe in Democracy, and Democracy means the rule of the people, not the rule of one sex alone.” #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Twitter: “Florida women love their state,” the Rev. Mary Safford wrote in an Orlando newspaper in 1915. President of the state’s Equal Suffrage Association, as she had been in Iowa. Women citizens appreciated Florida’s wonderful possibilities, she wrote in 1915, “and want to have its opportunities improved. They know that this cannot be done without their help. They believe in Democracy, and Democracy means the rule of the people, not the rule of one sex alone.” #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Sunday, Aug. 16: Orange Pays Vote-by-Mail Postage
Orange County pays the postage for your Vote-By-Mail ballot, both ways: to mail the ballot to you and for you to mail the ballot back to the Supervisor of Elections office. For more about voting by mail, visit lwvoc.org and ocfelections.com/vote-by-mail. #Votes4All
Monday, Aug. 17: Jessie O’Neal Celebrates
In April 1919, the Florida Legislature approved votes for Orlando women in municipal affairs. Jessie Mallory O’Neal, an active Orlando suffragist, marched all around Lakes Cherokee and Lucerne (pictured) in celebration, carrying a large American flag and ringing a bell. Today, on Aug. 17, 2020, League members will wave signs in downtown Orlando urging folks to vote, in honor of Jessie and all our foremothers. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Tuesday, Aug. 18: One Vote Can Truly Make a Difference
On August 18, 1920, U.S. women won the right to vote after a seven-decade crusade, when Tennessee became the critical 36th state needed to ratify the 19th Amendment. Young Rep. Harry T. Burn changed his mind and voted to ratify, breaking a tie, after he received a letter from his mother, Febb Ensminger Burn. “Hurrah and vote for Suffrage and don't keep them in doubt,” she wrote. "I knew that a mother's advice is always safest for a boy to follow,” Harry Burn said later. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
WEEK 2 of 100 Days to The Vote/Social Media Campaign
Tues., Aug. 4: Virtual Watch Party August 7, with intro by RBG!
The national Women’s Suffrage Centennial Commission invites everyone to a virtual screening on Friday, August 7, of “One Woman, One Vote,” a classic short film with a 21st century message. The screening is at 8 p.m. EDT on YouTube Live. The WSCC teamed up with the One Woman One Vote Film Festival to bring this revamped documentary to your living room, featuring a brand-new introduction by Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg! Here’s the link to register: womensvote100.org/onewomanonevote
Wed., Aug. 5: It’s Safe and Easy!
Request your Orange County Vote-By-Mail ballot at ocfelections.com/vote-by-mail at least 10 days before an election. For the August 18 primary election, that means an August 8 deadline. Be sure to include your name, date of birth or voter information number, and signature.
Thurs., Aug. 6: Roots at Seneca Falls
Abolitionists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott met in London at an 1840 antislavery conference. In 1848, they organized the first Woman’s Rights convention, which took place in Seneca Falls, N.Y., at the Wesleyan Chapel, a haven for antislavery activity (pictured). It’s now part of the Women’s Rights National Historical Park (nps.gov/wori).
Fri., Aug. 7: Half a Century / Medio siglo
Susan B. Anthony —who would become the most famous American suffragist — did not join her mother and sister at Seneca Falls, N.Y., for the first Women’s Rights Convention in 1848. Her suffrage activity really began when she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1851. “It is fifty-one years since we first met,” Anthony wrote Stanton in 1902, “and we have been busy through every one of them, stirring up the world to recognize the rights of women.” Pictured: Stanton (left) in 1848 with two of her three sons; Anthony in 1870, photographed by Matthew Brady (Library of Congress).
Spanish version: famosa, no se unió a su madre y hermana en Seneca Falls, NY, para la primera Convención sobre los Derechos de la Mujer en 1848. Su actividad de sufragio realmente comenzó cuando conoció a Elizabeth Cady Stanton en 1851. "Han pasado cincuenta y un años desde que nos conocimos", escribió Anthony Stanton en 1902, "y hemos estado ocupados en cada uno de ellos, estimulando al mundo a reconocer los derechos de las mujeres". Foto: Stanton (izquierda) en 1848 con dos de sus tres hijos; Anthony en 1870, fotografiado por Matthew Brady (Biblioteca del Congreso).
Sat., Aug. 8: “Failure Is Impossible” / El fracaso es imposible
Inspired by her Quaker belief that everyone was equal under God, Susan B. Anthony devoted her life to causes including abolitionism and women’s rights. She first spoke against slavery at a time when women did not give public speeches, risking abuse and arrest. Although she didn’t live to see votes for women become a reality in 1920, her 1906 declaration, “Failure is impossible,” became a rallying cry. Google saluted her 200th birthday on Feb. 15, 2020.
Inspirada por su creencia cuáquera de que todos eran iguales ante Dios, Susan B. Anthony dedicó su vida a causas como el abolicionismo y los derechos de las mujeres. Primero habló en contra de la esclavitud en un momento en que las mujeres no pronunciaban discursos públicos, arriesgándose a abusos y arrestos. Aunque no vivió para ver los votos para las mujeres convertirse en realidad en 1920, su declaración de 1906, "El fracaso es imposible", se convirtió en un grito de guerra. Google celebró su cumpleaños número 200 el 15 de febrero de 2020.
Sun., Aug. 9: “Lifting as we climb”/ Levantando mientras subimos
An Oberlin College graduate and committed suffragist, Mary Church Terrell helped organize the National Association of Colored Women in 1896 and the NAACP in 1909. Her words—“Lifting as we climb”—became the NACW’s motto. (Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture) #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Graduada del Oberlin College y sufragista dedicada, Mary Church Terrell ayudó a organizar la Asociación Nacional de Mujeres de Color en 1896 y la Asociación Nacional para el Avance de las Personas de Color (conocido por sus siglas en ingles) NAACP en 1909. Sus palabras: "Levantando mientras subimos," se convirtieron en el lema de la NACW. (Museo Nacional Smithsoniano de Historia y Cultura Afroamericana
Mon., Aug. 10: Make Sure You’re Registered
It’s easy to make sure you are registered to vote in Orange County. Go to the Supervisor of Elections webpage at ocfelections.com and click the “check my info” button (at left). You can register to vote or update your registration at any time, but to vote in an upcoming election, the deadline to register is 29 days before that election. Pictured: Logo from ocfelections.com
WEEK 1 of 100 Days to The Vote/Social Media Campaign
Mon, July 27
Celebrating 72 hard years. It took suffragists 72 years to win the right for women to vote in the United States. The fight began in earnest in the middle 1800s and finally was won a century ago, in August 1920. Above: Suffrage leader Alice Paul celebrates. (Library of Congress) #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Tues, July 28, Speaking Truth
Sojourner Truth (1797-1883) may have been the first African American suffragist. She spoke widely in support of women’s rights and the vote for women and Black men. The powerful “Ain’t I A Woman?” speech, given in 1851 at a women’s rights conference in Akron, Ohio, made her famous. #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Wed, July 29, 1918 Pandemic’s Effects
A century ago, the suffragists’ battle for the vote was complicated by the 1918 flu pandemic and World War I. Many people were ill, and protesters couldn’t gather. But women’s stalwart service during the crises showed their value as full partners with men. In some ways, the 1918 crises helped create the success of women’s suffrage in 1920. (Florida State Archives) #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Thurs, July 30, Voting in Florida: Three Ways
The Sunshine State offers three ways to vote: Vote-By-Mail, early voting, and voting on election day. For more information about these options, see www.ocfelections.com/how-to-vote #Votes4All, #Vote411
Fri, July 31, Early Voters
Beginning on May 26, 1919 – more than a year before national women’s suffrage was ratified in August 1920 – women in Orlando and Winter Park won the right to vote in municipal affairs. Above, equal-suffrage advocates join an Orlando auto parade. (Orange County Regional History Center) #Votes4All, #19thAmendment, #suffragecentennial
Sat, Aug 1, Vote Safely
During these challenging pandemic times, the League of Women Voters of Orange County wants you to vote safely. In Orange County, visit the Supervisor of Elections Office at www.ocfelections.com/vote-by-mail or call 407-836-8683 to request your Vote-By-Mail ballot. From left: League members Ann Patton, Martha Haynie, and Joan Erwin show off their suffragist spirit. #Votes4All, #LWVOC
Sun, Aug 2, Florida Hero
Mary McLeod Bethune withstood threats from the Ku Klux Klan marching through the campus of her Daytona Beach school for girls in 1920 and in 1922, when she brought more than 100 African Americans to the polls to vote just days later. (Florida State Archives) #Votes4All, #19thAmendment
Mon, Aug 3, The First
Jeannette Rankin (right), the first woman to hold a federal office, won election to Congress as a Republican from Montana in 1916. She lobbied for the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and later for the League of Women Voters, to help pass the 19th Amendment. (Library of Congress) #Votes4All, #19thAmendment